The Shooting of

At 1:06 pm, and forty-five seconds, Oswald, the lone assassin, leaves his rooming house.  At that same time, if not a moment sooner, a man, who resembles Oswald, is shooting Dallas Police Officer J.D. Tippit, dead in the street; some 8/10’s of a mile away.

The shooting of Officer Tippit: It has been called the Rosetta Stone in the case against Lee Harvey Oswald, in that why would he shoot a police officer, if he hadn’t just killed the president of the United States.  Of course, if he was just leaving his rooming house at the time of the shooting, then how could he have killed the police officer?

In reply to that, I would be told that the shooting of Tippit didn’t actually occur until 1:16 pm. However, that’s not what the evidence says.

Take Helen Markham.  Although conspiracists and lone nut supporters alike, like to trash her, I actually like the old broad.  She may have pointed the finger at Oswald, but she also proved he couldn’t have committed the crime.

When you look at her police affidavit, she says this encounter between Officer Tippit, and the assailant, occurred at approximately 1:06 pm 1.  When you look at her Warren Commission testimony, she says that this encounter occurred just after she reached the northwest corner of East 10th Street and Patton, which was at 1:06, to 1:07 pm 2 3 4!  Enough said.

Witness Ted Callaway, and witness Sam Guinyard did not witness the shooting, but they did hear the shots.  In their police affidavits 6 7, both say the shooting took place at about 1:00, and 1:06 pm is a lot closer to about 1:00, than 1:16.

Perhaps the best witness though, is someone who neither saw the shooting, nor heard the shots.  His name is T.F. Bowley.

Bowley had just picked up his daughter from school, and was on his way to pick up his wife, when he made a left-hand turn onto East 10th Street, off Marsalis, putting him traveling west. Then, when he neared the intersection of Denver and East 10th Street, he saw a police car up ahead, parked in the oncoming lane of traffic.  Lying next to it on the ground was a police officer.

Stopping, and getting out of his car to assist, Bowley looked at his watch: It said 1:10 pm 8.

Reaching the officer, Bowley could see that he was beyond help.  Next, he saw where a man was attempting to call police dispatch, but didn’t know how to do it.  So he grabbed the mike and called himself 9.

The man who was attempting to call dispatch, but didn’t know how to, was Domingo Benavidas.

He was there when the crime happened, but then stayed in his truck after the shooter left (because he feared he would come back) 10 11 12.  A few minutes later, he got out, checked the police officer, and then tried calling dispatch.  He was not, however, the one who reached them 13.

The significance of Benavidas’ testimony is that if the shooting took place at roughly 1:06 pm, and if he then waited a few minutes before getting out of his truck, then that would lineup rather nicely with Helen Markham’s time estimate, and the time that Bowley himself said he arrived at the scene of the crime.

More support for this time frame comes from CE 705.  In part, this is a transcript of the Dallas Police Department’s radio transmissions, from 12:20 pm, on the day of the assassination, until 6:00 pm that November 24, 1963.

Near the bottom of page 407, and continuing onto page 408, Bowley is the ‘citizen’ using the police radio.  A few entries down from that,

where he finished talking, is a time stamp of 1:10 pm 14.

While these facts alone help prove Oswald’s innocence (in the shooting of Officer Tippit), let’s still see how long it would have taken him to get from his rooming house, to the scene of the crime.

Okay, if Oswald was the lone assassin of President John F. Kennedy, we know that he could not have left his rooming house until at least 1:06 pm, and forty-five seconds.

Leaving the house, Oswald didn’t just immediately head south, toward the scene of the crime. Instead, he headed north, to the bus stop at North Beckley and Zangs.  We know this because Earlene Roberts saw him there, after he left the house 15.

When the Warren Commission did their reenactments of Oswald’s presumed route to the Tippit shooting, they came up with an amazing figure: seventeen minutes and forty-five seconds, at an average walk.

Of course, they quickly pointed out that the route they took was not the shortest route.  Of course, why they chose not to take the shortest route to begin with, I do not know.

The route they took was to walk south, down North Beckley, until they reached 10th Street.  They then walked east, down 10th Street, until they reached the scene of the crime, which was at 410 East 10th Street 16.

After the hoopla of the longest route, they then gave two different scenarios for the shorter, more direct route.  Both these required turning left onto Davis, from North Beckley, and then either turning right on Crawford, or turning right on Patton 19. However, based on Helen Markham’s testimony, we know that the Patton scenario is not a valid scenario.

According to Helen Markham, as she approached the intersection of East 10th Street and Patton,

she was walking south down Patton.  As she then reached the northwest corner of it, she saw a man who looked like Oswald, cross over it (going from the 300 block of East 10th Street, to the 400 block).  Thus, if Oswald was the shooter of Tippit, he got on East 10th Street from either North Beckley, or, he got on it, after turning left onto it, from Crawford.

Now the Commission didn’t appear to go back and re-time themselves, with the shorter route.  I checked for testimony from Dr. Goldberg, who was there, but found none.  I checked for testimony from Robert Davis, who was there, but found none. I checked for testimony from Joseph Ball, who was there, but found none.  I checked the testimony and affidavit of John Howlett, but found no mention of it.  I checked the testimony of Bill Whaley, and found no mention of it.  So it appears that when the Warren Commission said that Oswald could have made it to the Tippit shooting on time, they were just taking a guess at it.

It’s also apparent, from CE 1119-A, that the Warren Commission didn’t take into account Oswald going to the bus stop either, after leaving the rooming house, which of course adds time to the clock.

The clock: Like with other aspects of the case, I wanted to do my own timings.  So I went out to Oak Cliff, to 1026 North Beckley, and I set out to see just how long it would take me to reach 410, East 10th Street, including going to the bus stop first.  I then did the route in reverse to make sure my timings were correct.

The route I took was North Beckley to Davis to Crawford to East 10th Street, and onto the scene of the crime.  While at the bus stop, I waited just ten seconds (since we don’t know how long Oswald actually stood there).

I also timed the North Beckley to Davis to Patton to East 10th Street route, but as I’ve already said, Oswald could not have taken this route.  If he had of, Helen Markham would have seen him walking down Patton, as well as East 10th Street.

Taking Crawford to get to East 10th Street, it would have taken Oswald fourteen minutes, and forty-three seconds, at a normal pace.  So if Oswald was the lone assassin of President John F. Kennedy, he could not have made it to the scene of the Tippit shooting until 1:21 pm, and 28 seconds.  Or in other words, he would have been over five minutes late, for the official time, and over fifteen minutes late, for the actual time.

Of course, if Oswald did not assassinate President John F. Kennedy, he would have met up with Officer Baker and Roy Truly, on time, inside the second floor lunchroom.  He then would have left the building, on time; went home, on time; and then left again, on time, on his way to the Texas Theatre.  Because in addition to still not being able to make it to the Tippit shooting, on time, he would have had no reason to kill Tippit!

Dale Myers, Officer Tippit, and His Case against Lee Harvey Oswald
Catching a Taxi

Officer J.D. Tippit

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